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International Law

Maritime Piracy – A Challenge to International Law
International Law

Maritime Piracy – A Challenge to International Law

INTRODUCTION: Maritime piracy is a considerable hazard to safety at sea. To put it in the most basic terms, maritime piracy is hijacking a ship in international waters which holds an extreme impact on maritime activity, ultimately affecting economic development of the respective countries. Safe, secure, and sustainable maritime transport facilities are the need of the hour as the problem has transformed from a mere transport concern to a transverse challenge having security overtones as a ship is regarded as the sovereign territory of a nation. The prevailing legal framework fails to combat this issue effectively, which in turn poses a critical problem to governments across the world as it has a tremendous impact on shipping, tourism, and intercontinental manufacturing. Although the Un...
Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage under International Law
International Law

Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage under International Law

INTRODUCTION: Countries have been looking to nuclear energy as one of the means to provide clean power for the past few decades. Though nuclear energy has shown an alternative path from the conventional fuels, the damage caused by accidents in a nuclear power plant tends to have a lasting effect on the environment. Nuclear damage, as the name suggests, is the undesired damage caused due to nuclear accidents. The damage can either result in the destruction of infrastructure or casualties or both. Some notable examples of damage caused by nuclear accidents can be recollected from incidents like the Chernobyl accident, Three Mile Island accident and the more recent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The civil liability laws for nuclear damage in some countries have serious flaws that ...
Standard Of Proof In International Adjudication
International Law

Standard Of Proof In International Adjudication

Introduction Standard of Proof is defined to be the level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in proceeding. The term ‘evidence’ in both domestic as well as international law is construed as a means of establishing factual claims, however, the standard of proof required to establish such factual claims differ from forum to forum. The establishment of evidence plays a significant role in determining the outcome of the disputes. In any general situation, some “facts” are likely to be subject to a range of interpretations and plausible explanations, and this is even more probable when the abuses investigated are as serious as genocide, crimes against humanity, arbitrary killing and enforced disappearances[1]. When such facts are questioned before the Ho...
3rd Port Shipment in UAE
Laws of Other Countries

3rd Port Shipment in UAE

3rd Port Shipment is a supply chain the executive’s technique where the business does not keep merchandise in stock yet rather moves its client's requests and shipment subtleties to either the manufacturer, another retailer, or a distributer, who at that point sends the products directly to the customer. As in business, most of retailers have their profit on the difference between the wholesale and retail price. There are different names utilized for such exchange model "Drop Shipment" “Foreign-to-Foreign shipment", "Triangle Shipment" and so on. What are the advantages of third Port Shipment? Considering third Port Shipment is overseen by a UAE company or distributor: it decreases supply chain costs;decline travel time or transportation time from the nation of origin to nation o...
VAT Penalty Reconsideration in UAE
Laws of Other Countries

VAT Penalty Reconsideration in UAE

The United Arab Emirates (UAE), the Federal Tax Authority (FTA) is the regulatory body for UAE VAT Laws and assumes responsibility for overseeing and collecting federal taxes and fines. The UAE Federal Tax Authority (FTA) has the definitive right to fine any company for infringement of Article (25) of the Federal Law No. (7) Of 2017, Administrative Penalties Assessment, which incorporates Tax Evasion, Late Registration for VAT, Deregistration, Failure to file VAT Returns inside the time span, Submission of wrong documents or incorrect data, No proper records. To err is the human nature, in like manner the when the company realizes that they are not entitled for any such penalties, at that point, according to Article (27) of the Federal Law No. (7) Of 2017, the company can present a penalt...