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Environmental Law

Animal Cruelty in Indian Slaughterhouses
Environmental Law

Animal Cruelty in Indian Slaughterhouses

Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughterhouse) Rules, 2000 have provided the principles and guidelines that are to be followed by the people managing slaughterhouses across the country, however there are several illegal storages and slaughterhouses which send out meat by not complying to the rules and regulations due to the process of meat laundering. India is one of the largest exporters of meat due to this cruel practice. The food safety act 2006 gives the rules regarding the permit to start a slaughterhouse and there are several which currently exist in the country without obeying the rules and had started without the relevant permit. Section 7 of the Prevention of cruelty to Animals (slaughterhouse) rules provides the requirement and criteria that are to be followed when building t...
United Nations Environment Programme
Environmental Law

United Nations Environment Programme

Introduction: The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was established in 1972. It addresses the environmental issues at the global and regional level for the United Nations. One of its key mandates is to promote the development and implementation of international environmental law. Its mission is “to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. This programme is one of the leading Environmental authority in the United nations system and it uses its expertise to strengthen Environmental standards and practices to implement Environmental obligation at the country, regional and global levels. A marked change in...
Animal Testing, A Fire-Breathing Monstrous Act
Environmental Law

Animal Testing, A Fire-Breathing Monstrous Act

“Humans don’t deserve animals. We really don’t. Whatever gave us the idea we’re the most important species? Sure, we make things. But we also break things. Somewhere along the road we lost the ability to simply be.”Michael Marshall Smith INTRODUCTION: Right from Faithful Hachiko, a dog who waited for his master’s return for almost 9 years at a railway station in Japan to Fudge mourning in silence for his owner Sushant Singh Rajput’s demise, we human beings don’t deserve animals and their love. For we use them, their body, their flesh, their fur, their skin and not even sparring their blood by exploiting these creatures that are helpless in every possible way. It is not fair in any way to treat another living creature like this. ANIMAL TESTING-EXPLAINED: Animals don’t deserve t...
Animal Cruelty: Adequacy of Legislations
Environmental Law

Animal Cruelty: Adequacy of Legislations

Introduction: 27th May, 2020 - Happily waving her trunk, a pregnant soul lumbered into the forests of Malappuram. Deceived by a pineapple, the elephant innocently thanked humanity, heedless of the crackers stuffed within. Soon after, as the cracker exploded in her mouth, fighting against the pain it caused, she managed to reach the river nearby hoping to get relieved. Yet, her hope was lost in vain and the mother elephant faced her tragic end in the silent valley of Kerala. This incident was yet another wake-up call to examine the adequacy and practicality of Indian legislations intended to prevent cruelty against animals. Inadequacy & Impracticality Of Legislations In India: The Constitution of India, through Article 51 A (g) casts a fundamental duty upon its citizens, to pr...
Constitutional Rights to Animals: An Analysis on Its Effectiveness
Environmental Law

Constitutional Rights to Animals: An Analysis on Its Effectiveness

The most sensational judgment revolving around animal welfare in India is AWBI vs A. Nagaraj[1], which banned Jallikattu in Tamilnadu and bullock-cart races in Maharashtra and Punjab. The Court, in its analysis, sought to bring animals under the protection of the rights discourse by stating that Article 21 of the Constitution of India could be applied to animal life. The Court stated that the term ‘life’ must be expansively interpreted. As animals form a crucial part of human beings' environment, their rights must also be protected under Article 21. A rights-based interpretation of animal welfare legislation is misplaced and does not rightly serve the purpose of animal welfare. Article 21 of the Constitution of India revolves around human...
Animal Welfare Laws in India: Through the Constitutional Spectrum
Environmental Law

Animal Welfare Laws in India: Through the Constitutional Spectrum

In September 2017 in Mumbai, Dabbu, a 3 year old Dog was passing through the road when a person named Khan, disturbed by the fact that the dog was alive started beating it with an iron rod breaking the skull of the poor dog. After hours of pain and anguish the dog recovered at a nearby hospital from the injury. In the last couple of months many instances of cruelty against animals have surfaced, including a pregnant Elephant killed in Wayanad, Kerala, allegedly by a pineapple filled with explosives. ‘The greatness of a nation can be measured by the way it treats its helpless animals’, from the above instances we can see that our nation is not that great in the eyes of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our nation. The concept of Animal Welfare of which Mahatma Gandhi was an idealist i...
Plight of Stray Animals
Environmental Law

Plight of Stray Animals

Under vehicles, behind buses, inside a thrown cardboard box, along the subway; where not are they found? Though they are seen everywhere, they are not owned, they are not fed. Some abuse them and throw stones on them, just because they are STRAY ANIMALS. This article does not ignore stray animals as the world does. The main theme of the article is the plight of the stray animals. From “Bolt” to “Scooby Doo”, we have seen movies with superpower dogs who love their owners a lot, helping them and being a good companion. But is the same happening in reality? The answer is sadly No. Experts say that the plight of stray animals in India is worse than ever before. We don’t even have time to feed them. Every living thing born on this earth needs something to survive. Food, shelter and cloth...
Welfare and Rights of Animals in India: An Overview
Environmental Law

Welfare and Rights of Animals in India: An Overview

"The greatness of a nation and its progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated” Mahatma Gandhi Introduction.  My history teacher told me that dog was the first animal to be domesticated by man. This itself is a good example that since early civilization, animals have been an integral part of man's life. We have domesticated them for both agricultural purposes and companionship. However, over time our kinship with them has altered into abuse, in which the welfare of animals is compromised. We have developed a mindset where we began to view animals only for their utility. Almost every other day, we hear incidents about animal abuses. In fact, it has now become a common practice to inflict cruelty upon them. History records that hunting was considered to be a spor...