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Animal Testing, A Fire-Breathing Monstrous Act

“Humans don’t deserve animals. We really don’t. Whatever gave us the idea we’re the most important species? Sure, we make things. But we also break things. Somewhere along the road we lost the ability to simply be.”

Michael Marshall Smith

INTRODUCTION:

Right from Faithful Hachiko, a dog who waited for his master’s return for almost 9 years at a railway station in Japan to Fudge mourning in silence for his owner Sushant Singh Rajput’s demise, we human beings don’t deserve animals and their love. For we use them, their body, their flesh, their fur, their skin and not even sparring their blood by exploiting these creatures that are helpless in every possible way. It is not fair in any way to treat another living creature like this.

ANIMAL TESTING-EXPLAINED:

Animals don’t deserve to suffer in pain, die a horrible death as a result of some chemical or drug tested on them. In so many fields of Science, tests are conducted on animals priorly to know more about the drugs or chemical substances before being used into products that are consumed by human beings on daily basis. In order to know everything about a chemical substance or a drug it is tested on animals first. The animals are made to either eat or inhale the chemical substances. Sometimes, injected directly into their bodies or their fur is being shaved to apply the chemical substances directly onto their bare skin to check for sensitivity and other reactions. This method of testing the pharmaceutical drugs, petroleum products, cosmetics too at times, millions and millions of innocent animals are being killed at the end of the study to analyse their tissues to know more about the reactions caused by the chemical substances. The most disturbing and despairing fact of all is that the process of animal testing is being allowed in almost 80% of the countries in the world.[1]

Are you looking for this?  United Nations Environment Programme

THE OUTCOME OF ANIMAL TESTING IS HIGHLY UNRELIABLE WHEN USED ON HUMANS:

In spite of high unreliability on the outcome of animal testing, there has been no decline in the number of studies and tests being conducted on animals. Simply to criticise humans, we’re being called “social animals” but human species is far more developed, complicated and advanced compared to that of the anatomy of an animal be it a dog, cat or a mouse. When the results of this research is not even helpful in helping humans to build a better life apart from the fact that human beings have no rights to harm any living creature, then why are there projects still existing using animals to test and study?

THE CPCSEA GUIDELINES:

The Central Government has constituted a Committee for the purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) as per clause 15 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, which is duty bound to take all such measures as may be necessary to ensure that animals are not subjected to unnecessary pain or suffering before, during or after the performance of experiments on them. For this purpose, the Government has made “Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules, 1998” as amended, to regulate the experimentation on animals.[2]

The objective of the Statement of Purpose is to contribute to the effective functioning of the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) so that a quality and consistent ethical review mechanism for research on animals is put in place for all proposals dealt by the Committee as prescribed by the CPCSEA under PCA Act 1960 and Breeding and Experimentation Rules 1998.[3]

BABY STEPS TOWARDS CREATING INDIA A BETTER PLACE FOR ANIMALS:

So, even after knowing the unreliability on the outcome of such tests, they were not discontinued. A test called Abnormal Toxicity Test (ATT) developed in the 1950’s was used to detect external contaminants in vaccines. This Abnormal Toxicity Test was deleted in November, 2018 by the World Health Organisation when they realised it was an unnecessary test and could go on to save the lives of thousands of animals each year.[4]

Are you looking for this?  Welfare and Rights of Animals in India: An Overview

GO CRUELTY-FREE:

It is not just in the hands of the Government and the duty of the Government to create a warm, sustainable, kind environment for animals, common people like us, together could make a big difference too. The only key in our hands is to choose cruelty-free products. As said before, it is not entirely possible to stop testing on animals but however the way, process and the method in which it is being done can be changed entirely in such a way that no animal gets affected or killed after the experiment just to learn a little deep about the drugs/ chemical substances tested on them.

CONCLUSION:

People should be made more aware and conscious regarding the concept of cruelty-free products. Simple Economics, only when there is demand for a product, the supply will increase. If we stop or discontinue using products that test on animals, then they will either change the way of manufacturing the products, formula or will be out of business in lightning speed. Either way millions of animals are saved from this wrathful fate forced up on them. There often arises confusion between cruelty-free and vegan products. These are totally two different terms. Cruelty-free is when no animal was harmed or used to test the products before launching it into the consumer market and Vegan is when products are made using no animal by-products like milk, butter, etc. How to find out if a product is cruelty-free? Check the label of the product and only if you can sight a bunny picture saying “Cruelty free”, it really is cruelty free. Last but not the least, animals and all other forms of living beings arrived long before the evolution of men, we have no rights to deprive them of their rights to live on this planet as it is only designed for us all to share it together happily.

“How you treat animals is defining your character, compassion, kindness!!!”

Devilos Angel


[1] Types of Animal Testing, CRUELTY FREE INTERNATIONAL, https://www.crueltyfreeinternational.org/why-we-do-it/types-animal- testing#:~:text=In%20these%20experiments%2C%20animals%20are,on%20their%20tissues%20and%20organs.

Are you looking for this?  Animal Cruelty: Adequacy of Legislations

[2] The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, No.59, Acts of Parliament, 1960 (India).

[3] Ibid.

[4] India bans batch testing of human vaccines on animals, TIMES NEW NETWORK (July.23,2020, 03:46 PM), https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-bans-batch-testing-of-human-vaccines-on-animals/articleshow/77126378.cms.


This BLawG won the Best Paper (2nd Runner-up) in First Edition of Article Writing Competition, 2020 conducted on August 29, 2020.


Cite this article (The Bluebook 20th ed.)-

Gharishma Bashyam, Animal Testing, A Fire-Breathing Monstrous Act, Ex Gratia Law Journal, (September 29, 2020), https://exgratialawjournal.in/blawg/environmental-law/animal-testing-a-fire-breathing-monstrous-act-by-gharishma-bashyam/.

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Author

Gharishma Bashyam
Student - School of Excellence in Law, The Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University.